In the Netherlands, the minister of Infrastructure and the Environment determines whether such a vehicle is allowed on the road. The minister is advised by the RDW (The Netherlands Vehicle Authority) with regard to the vehicle’s technical aspects, and by the SWOV (Institute for Road Safety Research) with regard to traffic safety aspects.
The following rules apply to a (special) moped:
- you don’t need a driving license;
- you don’t need a license plate;
- you don’t need to wear a helmet;
- you should keep to the right as much as possible;
- the vehicle must be insured;
- the vehicle must have an insurance plate and vehicle identification number;
- the maximum speed is 25 km/h;
- lighting is mandatory during night time and in case of poor visibility. Removable lights are allowed;
- the vehicle needs to have red and white/yellow reflectors;
- you must always drive on the bicycle path, if there is one;
- disabled people under 16 are allowed to drive special mopeds. They do need to possess an OV-Begeleiderskaart (Public Transport Companion Pass), Valys (Supplementary Public Transport) pass or WMO (Social Support Act) pass;
- disabled people are allowed to drive on the sidewalk; They do need to possess an OV-Begeleiderskaart (Public Transport Companion Pass), Valys (Supplementary Public Transport) pass or WMO (Social Support Act) pass. Maximum speed is 6 km/h;
- the government has designated the vehicle as a special moped.